A hormone that is produced by the pancreas which allows the body to use glucose from carbohydrates in food for energy use or for future energy use is called an insulin. The hormone insulin helps the body keep its blood sugar levels from getting above the normal range or too low from the normal range. The body needs enough sugar for it to produce energy that helps the human body do its daily activities hence the need for sugar but not all the sugar goes into the body cells directly and this is why there is a rise in the blood sugar level. This is where the pancreas produces insulin that is distributed into the bloodstream and absorbs the sugar.
When the body is sensitive to the effects of insulin then the person has insulin sensitivity. This person will require smaller amounts of insulin in their body to lower is blood sugar levels. This condition varies from person to person and in order to find out its sensitivity to insulin.
Diabetes is one of the most common diseases that affect millions of people around the world. It is one of the most common causes of death in mankind. There are two types of diabetes. One is the type 1 diabetes where it causes the beta cells in the pancreas that creates insulin to be destroyed. This type of diabetes is autoimmune. The body is prevented from producing enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels in the body. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes mellitus results in hyperglycemia or high blood sugar levels. It is a metabolic disorder where the body is unable to produce enough insulin.
How Insulin Sensitivity Affects People With Diabetes?
If a person has low insulin sensitivity, the person will require higher amounts of insulin in their body to keep its blood sugar levels stable. This is also referred to as someone with insulin resistance. Due to this, your body may have other health problems such as high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. If you have high sensitivity to insulin, it also presents other problems for people who have type 1 diabetes, especially on children.
Importance of insulin
Insulin is very important to the human body because it is needed to regulate the blood sugar levels of the body. However, some conditions prohibit the insulin to do its work thus having to proceed in having treatments for diabetic patients.